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Remedial Vocabulary 101: COVID-19 Terminology

By David Ware

CONSCIENCE

An inner feeling or voice viewed as acting as a guide to the rightness or wrongness of one’s behavior.

INTEGRITY

The quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness.

DECENCY

Moral or respectable behavior.

SERVICE

Helping and doing for others.

INTROSPECTION

The examination or observation of one’s own mental and emotional processes.

STEADFASTNESS

The quality of being resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering.

POWER

The ability to do something or act in a particular way,

GREED

Intense and selfish desire for something, especially power.

CORRUPTION

Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power.

GROUPTHINK

The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a way that discourages creativity or individual responsibility.

SUBSERVIENCE

Willingness to obey others unquestioningly.

ACQUIESCENCE

The reluctant acceptance of something without protest.

CAPITULATION

The action of surrendering or ceasing to resist an opponent or demand.

BRAVERY

Courageous behavior or character.

COURAGE

The ability to do something that frightens one, guts, intestinal fortitude.

CHARACTER

The mental and moral qualities distinctive to an individual.

SURRENDER

Cease resistance to an enemy or opponent and submit to their authority.

VIGILANTE

A member of a self-appointed group of citizens who undertake law enforcement in their community without legal authority, typically because the legal agencies are thought to be inadequate.

VICTIM

A person harmed, injured, or killed.

VICTOR

A person who defeats an enemy or opponent.

VACCINE

A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity.

PLACEBO

A pill, medicine, or procedure prescribed more for the psychological benefit to the patient than for any physiological effect.

RISK FACTOR

In epidemiology, a variable associated with an increased risk of disease or infection.

OUTWEIGH

Be greater or more significant than, as when risks outweigh benefits.

SIDE EFFECT

A secondary, typically undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment.

DEATH

The action or fact of dying or being killed; the end of the life of a person or organism.

PSEUDO-SCIENCE

A collection of beliefs or practices mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific method.

DECEIT

Concealing or misrepresenting the truth.

ARROGANCE

Having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or abilities.

HUBRIS

Excessive pride or self-confidence.

OSTRACIZE

Exclude or banish (someone) from a society or group.

SECOND CLASS CITIZEN

A person belonging to a group whose rights and opportunities are inferior to those of the dominant group in a society.

PREDATOR

An animal or person that preys on others.

FEAR

Sensing that the arguments and public opinion are moving against them, authorities will redouble their efforts to instill fear.

PANIC

Sudden uncontrollable fear or anxiety, often causing wildly unthinking behavior.

PRESIDENT

The elected head of a republic.

GOVERNOR

The elected executive head of a state of the U.S.

MAYOR

The elected head of a city, town, or other municipality.

LEGISLATURE

An assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country, state or city. They are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches.

USURP

Take (a position of power or importance) illegally, supplant, encroach or infringe upon (someone’s rights).

CONSTITUTION

A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.

U.S. CONSTITUTION

Defines the principal organs of government and their jurisdictions and the basic rights of citizens.

VIOLATE

Break or fail to comply, fail to respect (someone’s peace, privacy, or rights), treat (something sacred) with irreverence or disrespect.

DICTATOR

A ruler with total power, autocrat.

UNACCOUNTABLE

Not required or expected to justify actions or decisions; not responsible for results or consequences.

EMERGENCY

A serious, unexpected, and often dangerous situation requiring immediate action.

DURATION

The time during which something continues.

PROLONGED

Continuing for a long time or longer than usual; lengthy.

PRIVILEGES

A special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group.

RIGHTS

Moral and legal entitlements.

U.S. BILL OF RIGHTS

A formal declaration of the legal and civil rights of the citizens of the United States of America.

HAWAII BILL OF RIGHTS

A formal declaration of the legal and civil rights of the citizens of the State of Hawaii.

INVIOLABLE

Never to be broken, infringed, or dishonored.

SACROSANCT

Too important or valuable to be interfered with.

VOCABULARY

The body of words known by any person.

EVADE

Escape or avoid, especially by cleverness or trickery.

TYRANNY

Cruel and oppressive government or rule.

REFUSE

Indicate or show that one is not willing to do something.

COWARD

A person who lacks the courage to do or endure dangerous or unpleasant things.

PATRIOT

A person who vigorously supports their country and is prepared to defend it against enemies or detractors, foreign or domestic.

RECOURSE

The legal right to demand compensation.

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