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The Post Office’s Law Enforcement Arm Is Expanding Its Surveillance Powers

By Ken Silva

 

The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) has announced plans to provide its law enforcement branch with access to its vast trove of customer data, raising concerns among privacy activists about the organization’s expanding surveillance powers.

The USPS came under scrutiny last year when it was revealed that its law enforcement arm, U.S. Postal Inspection Service (USPIS), was monitoring both left- and right-wing protest groups on social media. Multiple non-profit organizations sued the USPS, seeking internal records about its surveillance program and questioning the legality of such activities.

Those lawsuits haven’t stopped the USPS from seeking additional surveillance powers. On Dec. 17, the USPS announced that it intended to provide customer data to the USPIS investigators.

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One Comment

  1. Duncan Adams Duncan Adams January 25, 2022

    FOR THOSE that don’t have an account with Epoc
    US News
    The Post Office’s Law Enforcement Arm Is Expanding Its Surveillance Powers
    By Ken Silva
    January 24, 2022 Updated: January 25, 2022

    The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) has announced plans to provide its law enforcement branch with access to its vast trove of customer data, raising concerns among privacy activists about the organization’s expanding surveillance powers.

    The USPS came under scrutiny last year when it was revealed that its law enforcement arm, U.S. Postal Inspection Service (USPIS), was monitoring both left- and right-wing protest groups on social media. Multiple non-profit organizations sued the USPS, seeking internal records about its surveillance program and questioning the legality of such activities.

    Those lawsuits haven’t stopped the USPS from seeking additional surveillance powers. On Dec. 17, the USPS announced that it intended to provide customer data to the USPIS investigators.

    “USPIS will collect and aggregate eight data elements—Name, Address, 11-Digit Delivery Point ZIP Code (ZIP 11), Phone Number, Email Address, Tracking Number, IP Address, and Moniker,” the Postal Service said.

    According to the USPS, the influx of new data will allow the Postal Inspectors to conduct “link analysis,” using data analytics to discover patterns and trends in criminal activity.

    But privacy activists have brought up concerns.

    The Electronic Information Privacy Center (EPIC) filed comments with the USPS on Jan. 18, urging the Postal Service to put the brakes on its plans.

    “By demanding access to more postal data, the Postal Inspection Service is exposing USPS customers to wrongful surveillance and a greater threat of data breach,” EPIC said. “The Postal Service and the Postal Inspection Service should separate their information collection procedures and ensure that USPS customers do not come under greater surveillance simply by using a government mail carrier.”

    EPIC said the USPIS is in danger of mission creep—when an agency has access to more tools or information than it needs to complete its designed mission, leading it to expand into another role outside the designed mission to utilize those tools.

    “The Postal Inspection Service has a well-defined mission in protecting the mail, but the agency has often overstepped its bounds,” EPIC said. “The Postal Inspection Service now claims a ‘wide jurisdiction’ to preserve the ‘safety, security, and integrity of the nation’s mail system from criminal misuse.’”

    Such mission creep has occurred before, according to EPIC, which cited the Postal Service’s surveillance of the LGBTQ community in the 1950s and ’60s—when the USPIS investigated the delivery of homosexual publications under laws intended to restrict mailing of obscene materials.

    EPIC also reiterated its criticism of the Postal Service’s Internet Covert Operations Program (iCOP), which was outed last year by Yahoo News for surveilling protest movements.

    “The availability of those tools facilitated monitoring protesters and organizers engaging in protected First Amendment activities,” EPIC said of iCOP. “The Postal Inspection Service should be wary of onboarding new tools and new data sources given the agency’s troubled history with mission creep.”

    EPIC’s comments to the USPS may be too little and too late. The Postal Service’s Dec. 17 notification said its new data-sharing initiative will begin Jan. 18.

    The Postal Service did not respond to questions about whether it has already begun transferring customer data to the USPIS, or if it’s considering EPIC’s comment before moving forward.

    Meanwhile, EPIC is still pursuing its lawsuit against the USPIS for running iCOP without conducting a privacy impact assessment—a review of what information is collected, why it’s being collected, how the information is used, and how the data is stored.

    The most recent filing from that case is Jan. 14, when the USPIS said EPIC’s case should be tossed out.

    “EPIC lacks standing to bring this case, because it identifies no concrete interest belonging to it or its members that was harmed by Defendants’ alleged procedural failures,” the USPIS said. “EPIC has no statutory right to the information it seeks, and it makes no allegation that the iCOP program harmed it or its members in any way, aside from its alleged failure to comply with the E-Government Act’s procedures.”

    No hearings are scheduled in this case.

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